Drainage Installation Guide
- Grading French
- Drains Drain
- Basins Channel
- Drains Dry Well
- Sump Pump
Every drainage problem requires a site assessment to determine the optimum solution.
There are a myriad of drainage mitigation strategies that can be combined in a number of ways.
Connected Gutter to Corrugated Pipe
Pros and Cons of Grading
- Requires little to no maintenance
- In most applications, will never fail or become overwhelmed
- Permanent solution
- Moving earth is labor intensive and thus expensive
- Process typically includes removing existing sod or other vegetation
- Requires some kind of soil stabilization to hold the loose soil after grading (rock, sod, mulch) which will add cost
Lazer Level to Check Grade
Skid Steer Moving Soil
What is a Channel Drain?
A channel drain is typically used on concrete or other paved surfaces. This creates space for water to flow to avoid pooling on the hard surface.
Channel drains create a neat and durable solution for paved surfaces. They can be installed in:
- Pool patios
What is a Dry Well?
A dry well is an underground well thats allows collected water to infiltrate the soil.
In our area, there is usually a layer of clay that prevents surface water from quickly infiltrating the soil.
A Dry well bypasses this clay layer, allowing water to drain faster.
Dry wells are effective in fixing low lying areas where there is a moderate amount of standing water, but there are no feasible means of piping the water out.
Typically, dry wells are much less expensive that other types of drainage solutions
What is a Sum Pump?
A sump pump is an electric pump that has a float switch.
They are typically installing inside of a drainage basin.
When water enters the drain basin, the float switch turns to pump "ON" until the water level recedes and the water is pumped away.
Sump pumps are effective solutions for low lying areas with extreme amounts of water- with no other feasible options to fix the drainage. Sump pumps are typically very expensive to install. Electricity must be available near the sump pump.
- They can become clogged/overwhelmed
- If the electricity goes out, the pump does not function
- Usually requires grading to channel water
Grading surrounding area for optimum flow
Area is repair and resodded
Pump installed in the basin